"NASA Announces Summer 2023 Hottest on Record"
NASA's Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS) in New York reported that the summer of 2023 was the hottest on record for Earth since global temperature records began in 1880. The combined months of June, July, and August were 0.41 degrees Fahrenheit (0.23 degrees Celsius) warmer than any previous summer, with August alone being 2.2 degrees Fahrenheit (1.2 degrees Celsius) warmer than the average summer from 1951 to 1980. This record-breaking heat contributed to extreme weather events worldwide, including wildfires in Canada and Hawaii, heatwaves in South America, Japan, Europe, and the U.S., and heavy rainfall in Italy, Greece, and Central Europe. The warming trend is primarily driven by human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, with natural climate phenomenon El Niño also playing a role. NASA Administrator Bill Nelson emphasized the real-world consequences of these temperature records, urging action to address climate change.